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LONDON, UNITED KINGDOM - JUNE 02: (EMBARGOED FOR PUBLICATION IN UK NEWSPAPERS UNTIL 24 HOURS AFTER CREATE DATE AND TIME) Queen Elizabeth II takes a salute from the balcony of Buckingham Palace during Trooping the Colour on June 2, 2022 in London, England. Trooping The Colour, also known as The Queen's Birthday Parade, is a military ceremony performed by regiments of the British Army that has taken place since the mid-17th century. It marks the official birthday of the British Sovereign. This year, from June 2 to June 5, 2022, there is the added celebration of the Platinum Jubilee of Elizabeth II in the UK and Commonwealth to mark the 70th anniversary of her accession to the throne on 6 February 1952. (Photo by Max Mumby/Indigo/Getty Images)
Inside the Royal Rules of Bowing and Curtsying
History - Science
The royal family's website declares that there "are no obligatory codes of behavior when meeting the queen or a member of the royal family." However, several sources have confirmed that members of the royal family and their regal associates all bow or curtsy to one another in both public and private settings.
Royal historian Marlene Eilers Koenig shared that children born into the custom of curtsying and bowing start doing so at the mere age of five, explaining, "You bow or curtsy the first time you see the sovereign and then again when you leave." In 2005, a document was drafted by the queen's private secretary outlining the expectations that family members would curtsy and bow at certain times.
Originally intended to define Duchess Camilla's standing within the royal family and then passed on to Kate Middleton, it stated clearly that she was required, or at the very least expected, to curtsy to the "blood princess" upon encountering her at any given time, according to the Telegraph. However, they reported that there’s still a perceived hierarchy that keeps things varied and restricted to a sort of "ethical lineage."